120

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um,0dnwfç0pD0dnwf

   
 

vufajcponfudk vIyfjyol pum;ajymolwdkY\ twGif;oabm tvdkqE´udk odapwwfaom 

xljcm;aom   trlt&mwrsKd;onf 0dnwfrnf\/ xdkxl;jcm;aom trlt&monf y&rw¬tm;jzifh 
txift½Sm;½Sdaom oD;jcm;½kyfwrsKd; r[kwf/ twGif;oabm tvdkqE´udk vIyf½Sm;aom udk,fum, 
(vufponf)jzifh odapwwfaom trlt&mxl;onf um,0dnwf rnf\?
 
 

wynfhwa,muf vmapvdkí vuf,yfac:&mü (1) a½S;OD;pGm vmapvdkaompdwfjzpf\? 

 

(2) pdwfjzpfonf ESifhwNyKdifeuf pdwåZ½kyfuvmyfawG cE¨mudk,f\ xdkxdkt&yfü tajrmuftrsm; 
jzpf\? vIyf½Sm;rnfh vufüjzpfaom pdwåZuvmyfwGif 0ga,m"mwfonf tjcm;r[mbkwfxuf 
owådvGefuJ\/ yuwd½kd;&mtcguJhodkY at;at;aq;aq; r[kwfyJ xdk0ga,m"mwfrSm xl;jcm;aom 
trlt&mwrsKd;vnf;yg\? xdk0ga,m"mwf\ xl;jcm;aom trlt&monf þum,0dnwfyifwnf;/ 
rsufpdwrSdwfcefY   umvtwGif;ü  uka#wodef;cefYrQ    pdwfawGjzpfEdkifaomaMumifh  xdkpdwfwdkY 
wGif 0dnwfudk jzpfapEdkifaom pdwfrsm;vnf; tawmfrsm;rsm; yg½Sd&um; xdkpdwfrsm;jzpfwdkif;jzpfwdkif; 
0ga,m"mwfvGefuJaom pdwåZuvmyfawG txyfxyf jzpfonfhtwGuf vuftNidrfraeyJ 
vIyfvsuf&rf;vsufae\? xdkodkY vIyf&mü opfyifrsm; avwdkufouJhodkY t&rf;rJhrvIyfyJ pdwf\tvdk 
usatmif 0ga,m"mwfESifh 0dnwfwdkYu jzpfMu&onf? xdkYaMumifh avSyJhydkif;rSaeí wa,mufwnf; 
avSmfcwfolonf avSudk vdk&mt&yfodkYa&mufatmif avSmfyJhç yJhouJhodkY 0ga,m"mwfESifh 0dnwf 
uvnf; wuGjzpfbuf½kyfrsm;udk pdwftvdktwdkif; vuf,yfaeyHk vIyf½Sm;atmif avSmfyJh-yJhay;avonf/
 
 

þuJhodkY tpDtpOfjzifh vufudk vIyf&rf;í jyvdkufaomtcg wynfhu ]q&monf igh udkvm 

apcsif\}[k q&m\twGif;tvdkqE´udk od&avonf/ þuJhodkY od&mü ]pdwfç pdwåZ½kyfç vIyf½Sm;rIç 
trlt&mxl;}[k tcsKyfrSwfzdkY&m tcsufav;ck ½Sd\? xdkwGif pdwfonf tvdkqE´udk odEdkifoavmç 
pdwfu odapvQif rvIyfr,Suf pdwfoufoufjzpfckdufrSm twGif;oabm tvdkqE´udkod&m\? xdkodk 
vnf; rodapEdkifMu? odkYtwGuf pdwfonf twGif;oabm tvdkqE´udk olwyg;tm; rodapEdkif/
 
 

pdwåZ½kyfawGonf tvdkqE´udk odapoavmç . . .  pdwåZ½kyfu odapvQif rvIyfr,Suf 

NidrfoufpGm aecdkufrSm pdwåZ½kyfaygif;rsm;pGm jzpfaeaomaMumifh tvdkqE´udkod&m\? xdkodkYvnf; 
rodapEdkifMu? odkUtwGuf pdwåZ½kyf½kd;½kd;uvnf; twGif;oabm tvdkqE´udk rodapEdkif/