316

tbd"r®mydkYcscsuf

ykaAÁed0gomEkówdtbdnmOf&atmif avhusifhyHk

 
 

ykaAÁed0gomEkówd tbdnmOf&vdkaom a,m*Donf tpOftwkdif; psmefav;yg;udk 0ifpm;NyD;vQif 

tbdnmOf\tajccH pwkw¬psmefrSxí aemufqHk;jzpfaom xdkifaejcif;udk ESvHk;oGif; qifjcif&rnf/ 
xdkYaemuf xdkifzdkYae&mcif;jcif; ausmif;crf;odkY 0ifcJhjcif; oydwfouFef;udk xm;cJhjcif; qGrf;pm;cJhjcif; 
ponfwdkYudk a½SUua½SUu jzpfysufcJhonfrsm;udk tpOftwdkif; qifjcifpOf;pm;&rnf/ þuJhodkY pOf;pm; 
rIü orm"denf;aom yuwdolrsm;üvnf; a½SUutjzpftysufrsm; xifjrifEdkifayonf/ y&durform"d½Sd 
olwdkYtm; tvGefyif xif½Sm;pGm xifjrifEdkifayonf/ tu,fí rxif½Sm;ygu wzef tbdnmOf\
tajccH pwkw¬psmef 0ifpm;um psmefrSxí qifjcif&rnf/ þodkYjyKvQif tarSmifxJü rD;xGef;jyvdkuf 
ouJhodkY xif½Sm;awmh\/  
 
 

xkdYaemuf qdkcJhonf aemufjyeftpOfjzifh 'kwd,aeYu tjzpftysufudk qifjcif&rnf/ xdkYaemuf 

wwd,ç pwkwåç yÍöraeY? quf&ufajrmufaeY? wv? wESpf? q,fESpf? tESpfeSpfq,f? ponfjzifh 
a½SUu tjzpftysufudk qifjcif&rnf/ þodkYponfjzifh þb0\ y#doaE¨umvwdkifatmif qifjcifNyD; 
a½SUb0u pkwdcPü jzpfcJhaom emrf½kyfudk ESvHk;oGif;qifjcif&rnf/ ynmxufaom &[ef;onf 
yxrtBudrfjzifhyif y#doaE¨udk cGgí pkwdcPüjzpfaom emrf½kyfudk tm½kHjyKEdkifayonf/ 
 
  odkYaomf a½S;b0u emrf½kyfonf t<uif;rJh csKyfcJhNyD;jzpfonfhjyif ,ckb0üvnf; 
uHtopfaMumifh jzpfaom tjcm;emrf½kyf jzpfay:aeNyDjzpfaomaMumifh xdka½S;b0\ pkwdemrf½kyfonf 
xlxJpGm zHk;uG,fxm;onfh t&yfozG,f rdkufarSmifaeí ynmtm;enf;oltwGuf jrifEdkifcJonf/ 
odkYaomf yg'upsmefudk 0ifpm;í psmefrSxumxum a½S;b0pkwdemrf½kyfudk qifjcifu aemufqHk;awmh 
awGUjrifEdkifonfom jzpfayonf/ 
 
 

qdkcJhNyD;pum;rsm;ü aemufqHk;xdkifaejcif;rS y#doaE¨wdkifatmif tm½kHjyKaom ÓPfonf ykaAÁ 

ed0goÓPfr[kwfao;/ y&durform"dESifh,SOfaom ÓPfomjzpfayonf/ 
 
  y#doaE¨udkausmfvGefí pkwdcPüjzpfaom emrf½kyfudktm½kHjyKvQuf raem'Gg&m0ZÆef;ac: 
ESvHk;oGif;qifjcifonfhpdwf jzpfay:\/ xdkpdwfcsKyfvwfaomf xdkpkwdemrf½kyfudkyif tm½kHjyKí av;Budrf 
ig;Budrfaom aZmwdkYonf jzpfay:ukef\/ xdkav;Budrfig;BudrfwdkYwGif a½S;oHk;Budrfav;BudrfwdkYonf 
y&durfponfrnfaom umrm0p&aZmwdkYwnf;/ aemufqHk; pwkw¬ yÍöraZmonf ½lyg0p& pwkw¬psmef 
[laom tbdnmOfpdwfaywnf;/ xdktbdnmOfpdwfonfom ykaAÁed0gomEkówdÓPf jzpfayonf/