71

tbd"r®mydkYcscsuf

ew¬d rmwm - taronfr½Sd/ ew¬d ydwm - tazonf r½Sd

ã rsufjrifjzpfaom trdtzwdkYudk r½Sd[k rqdkvdk? xdkrdbwdkYü aumif;pGmjyKjcif; raumif;ojzifh 
jyKjcif;onfvnf; r½Sd[k rqdkvdk?  aemifb0qdkwm udk,fur½Sd[k ,lxm;NyD;jzpfaomaMumifh 
xdkrdbwdkYü aumif;pGmjyKjcif; raumif;ojzifh jyKjcif;\ tusKd;r½Sdawmh[kom qdkvdkonf/

ew¬d owåm Moyygwdum - jzpfqJb0rS aemufb0odkY oGm;Edkifolr½Sd (wenf;) rjrif&aom i&J 
                   ewfjA[®mqdkwm r½Sd  

ã þowå0gwdkY\ jzpfjcif;rnfonf oufoufa&yGufyrm wpfoufvsmomwnf;? pkawNyD;aemuf 
a&mufvmzdkY&ef a½S;½IjyKaom yk*¾Kdvfr½Sd
ew¬d avmau orPjA[®Pm or*¾wm or®my#dyEémç a, £rÍö avmuH y&Íö avmuH o,H 
tbdnm opäduwGm ya0a'EÅd/ þb0udkvnf;aumif; tjcm;b0udkvnf;aumif; udk,fwdkif odí  
olwyg;wdkYtm; wqifha[mjyEdkifavmufatmif aumif;aomtusifhESifh jynfhpHkolr½Sd/ 
ã þpum;jzifh Ak'¨ yapöuAk'¨ &[EÅmrsm; r½dSEdkif[k qdkvdkonf/
 

     

(oDvu©efbm#D 'k 345-348? v,fwD'DyeDaygif;csKyf y 195 - 204) 

      (t½SifZeumbd0Ho\omrnzvokwfjrefrmjyef 

18-19)

ã  rSm;,Gif;pGm ,HkMunfrIonf o'¨gr[kwf
 
 

rdpämt,l½SdolwdkY 4if;wdkY\ q&morm;rsm;udk ,HkMunfudk;uG,fjcif;onf o'¨gtppfr[kwf? 

q&mhpum;udk vufcHjcif;rQomjzpfonf/ vdrfvnfrIudk ,Hkjcif;onfvnf; pum;vufcH½kHrQomjzpfonf/ 
r[kwfrrSefaomt&mudk ,HkMunfjcif;[lonfrSm pOf;pm;wwfaomÓPfr½Sdol(vHk;vHk;pOf;pm;
avhr½Sdol)wdkYü jzpfavh½Sdaom arm[omjzpfonf/ arm[udk y"metm;jzifh aumufjcif;rSm 
'd|d0dyÜ,kwfpdwftwGufjzpf\/ 'd|djy|mef;aom 'd|d*worÜ,kwfpdwfwdkYjzifh ,HkMunf&müum; 
w&m;udk,frSm 'd|dwnf;/ rdpäm0g'udpö[lorQü 'd|dapwodufu y"metjzpfjzifh pDrHwwfaomaMumifh
arm[udkvnf; 'd|d\aemufvdkuf tyÜ"metjzpfjzifh ,lNyD;jzpfawmh\/
 

Ak'¨bmomjzpfap tjcm;bmomjzpfap rw&m;aom q&mç trSm;udk trSefxifíajymaom 

q&mwdkY\pum;udk ,Hk&mü 'd|dçarm[ omru ESpfoufrI oabmusrI wPSmvnf;ygaom 
xdkt,l0g'udk trSef[k qHk;jzwfcsufcsaom rdpäm"darmu© apwodufvnf;ygonf/ xdk odkY arm[wPSm 
rdpäm"darmu© ygaeaomaMumifh rdpämt,l0g'udk tm;wufoa&m ESpfESpfumum(rpGefYEdkifatmif) 
pGJvrf;aeMuavonf/  

 

                     

(t|omvdeDbm#D-w-233-234)