73

tbd"r®mydkYcscsuf

 

o'doyk*¾Kdvf/ igESifhwlwJhtrwf r½Sdawmh[k rSwfxifvQif ao,srmef? wjcm;trwfrsm;ESifh 

ig bmrSrxl;bl;[krSwf xifvQif o'dormef? trwfvdkYomajym&w,f ighrSm pm;zdkY0wfzdkYawmif 
rjynfhpHkbl;[k rSwfxifvQif [Dermef/

 [Deyk*¾Kdvf/ taruvnf; uRef? tazuvnf;uRef jzpfvdkY igESifhwlwJhuRef r½Sdbl;vdkY 
rSwfxifvQif ao,srmef? rdbESpfyg;u uRefjzpfvdkY wjcm;uRefawGeJY ig bmrSrxl;bl;vdkY rSwfxif 
vQif o'dormef? rdbrsKd;½kd;u uRefr[kwfç pm;p&mr½SdvdkYom uRefvkyf&w,fç igqdkwJhaumif[m 
b,fvdkuRefygvdrfh[k rSwfxifvQif [Dermef/
 
 

ao,syk*¾Kdvfjzpfygvsuf olYudk,fol olrsm;ESifh wef;wlol[kvnf; xifEdkifonf/ tpGrf;owådr½Sd

aomaMumifh olYudk,fol olrsm;atmuf ,kwfnHhol[kvnf; xifEdkif\/ xdkYaMumifh ao,syk*¾Kdvfü 
rmefoHk;rsKd; jzpfEdkifonf/ o'doyk*¾KdvfrSmvnf;  olYudk,fol txifBuD;í igjrwfonf[kvnf; 
xifEdkif\/ olYudkol txifao;í igatmufwef;usonf[kvnf; xifEdkif\/ [Deyk*¾KdvfrSmvnf; 
olYudk,fol txifBuD;í igjrwfonf[kvnf; xifEdkif\/ olrsm;ESifh wef;wlol[kvnf; xifEdkif\/
 
 

rmefudk;yg;wGif ao,syk*¾Kdvf\ ao,srmefç o'doyk*¾Kdvf\ o'dormefç [Deyk*¾Kdvf\ 

[Dermefudk [kwfrSefonfh(,mxm0)rmef[k ac:\/ xdkrmefudk t&[w¬r*fuom y,fEdkifonf/ 
rdrd ESifh rwefaom tjcm;rmefESpfrsKd;udk r[kwfrSefonfh(t,mxm0)rmef[kac:onf/ xdkrmefwdkYudk 
aomwmywådr*fu y,fEdkifonf/ 

(oN*Ø[fbm#D 125? t|omvdeDbm#D p-17*)

twdrmeponf
 

olrsm;xuf iguydkawmfonf[k xifvQif twdrme? igu olrsm;avmufrawmf[k rSwfxif 

Morme ([Dermef)w&m;r&yJ &NyD[kxifrSwfvQif t"drme? ½kyf[migyJ[k rSwfxifvQif to®drme? 
raumif;aom twwfynmwdkUü igavmufawmfolr½Sd[k rSwfxifvQif rdpämrme/
  

 

 

 

 

  

      

(oar®m[0daem'eDt|uxm?447-450? 467-472)

rmetrsKd;rsKd;

1/ Zmwdrmef-igu rif;rsKd;ç ola|;rsKd;ç aum@ntEG,fç tm'dpötEG,f ponfjzifh rmefrljcif;
2/ tma&m*srmef-igrSm a&m*gr½Sdbl;? usefolawGrSm a&m*grsm;vdkufwm[k rmefrljcif;
3/ a,mAÁermef-igu EkysKdaewkef;? rif;wdkYawmh rMumcif ao&awmhr,f[k rmefrljcif;