75

tbd"r®mydkYcscsuf

a'go/ a>rayG;a>ra[mufudk wkwfjzifh ykwfcwfaomtcg ½SL;ueJxvmwwfouJhodkY rESpf 
oufzG,ftm½kHESifh awGUBuKHaomtcg ½SL;½SL;½SJ½SJjzpfí udk,fa&mpdwfygMurf;vsuf trsufxGufjcif;onf 
a'go oabmjzpfonf/ a'goonf ylavmifapwwfí a'gojzpfaomtcg a'goESifhtwljzpf&aom
pdwfapwodufrsm;vnf; ylavmifvmMuNyD;ç xdkpdwfapwodufaMumifh jzpf&aom ½kyfw&m;rsm;vnf; 
ylavmifvmMuonf/ ylavmifaom pdwåZ½kyfESifh yl;uyfvsufjzpfMu&aom wudk,fvHk;½Sd tjcm; uHç 
Owkç tm[m&aMumifh jzpf&aom ½kyfw&m;rsm;vnf; ylvmMuNyD; tom;ta&rsm; eD;jref;vsuf 
wudk,fvHk; wqwfqwf wkefaewwfonf/ 

a'gojzpfaMumif;tmCmw0w¬K 10-rsKd;

1066/ xdk(tukodkvf[dwfoHk;yg;wdkYwGif)zsufqD;jypfrSm;rI ]a'go}[lonf tb,fenf;/ ]]ig\ 
tusKd;rJhudk jyKusifhcJhNyD}}[k &efNiKd;zGJUrI tmCmwonf jzpf\/ ]]ig\ tusKd;rJhudk jyKusifhaeqJjzpf 
onf}}[k &efNiKd;zGJUrI tmCmwonf jzpf\/ ]]ig\ tusKd;rJhudk jyKusifhvwHh}}[k &efNiKd;zGJUrI tmCm 
wonf jzpf\/ ]]ig\ cspfcifjrwfEkd;tyfol\ tusKd;rJhudk jyKusifhcJhNyD}}[k &efNiKd;zGJUrI tmCmw 
onf jzpf\/ ]]ig\cspfcifjrwfEdk;tyfol\  tusKd;rJhudk jyKusifhaeqJ jzpfonf}}[k   &efNiKd;zGJUrI 
tmCmwonf jzpf\/ ]]ig\cspfcifjrwfEdk;tyfol\ tusKd;rJhudk jyKusifhvwHh}}[k &efNiKd;zGJUrI tmCm 
wonf jzpf\/ ]]ig\rcspfcif rjrwfEdk;ol\tusKd;udk jyKusifhcJhNyD}}[k &efNiKd;zGJUrI tmCmwonf 
jzpf\/ ]]ig\ rcspfcif rjrwfEdk;ol\tusKd;udk jyKusifhaeqJ}}[k &efNiKd;zGJUrI tmCmwonf jzpf\/]]
ig\rcspfcif rjrwfEdk;ol\tusKd;udk jyKusifhvwHh}}[k &efNiKd;zGJUrI tmCmwonf jzpf\/(9) xdkYjyif 
taMumif; r[kwfonfü &efNiKd;zGJUrI trsufxGufrIonf jzpf\/(10)

("r®oFPDygVdawmfjrefrmjyef 393)

t|meaumy=taMumif;r[kwfonfü trsufxGufrI

 
 

rdk;onf ½GmvGef;\[k awG;í trsufxGuf\? rdk;r½Gm[k awG;í trsufxGuf\?  ae 

onf ylvGef;\? aeonfryl? avonf wdkuf\? avonf rwdkuf? [kawG;í trsufxGuf\/ 
wHrsufrvSnf;Edkifí aAm"d½GufwdkYtm; trsufxGuf\? avwdkufí ouFef;vGifhonfhtcg avudk 
trsufxGuf\?opfikwfwdkufrdí acsmfvJonfhtcg opfikwfudk trsufxGuf\/
 ig\tusKd;rJhjyKcJhNyDponfjzifh &efNiKd;zGJUrI trsufxGufrI 9-rsKd;onf owå0gwdkYudk tm½kHjyKí jzpf 
aomaMumifh ur®yx  ajrmufonf/ (ur®=uH? yx-tyg,fa&mufaMumif; vrf;) /t|meaumyonf 
owå0gudk  tm½kHrjyKbJ  ½kyfocFg&wdkYüom  tm½kHjyKí  ur®yxrajrmuf/                                 
                                   

 (t|omvdeDt|uxm 399? bm#D p-153)