89

tbd"r®mydkYcscsuf

 

odu©myk'f aqmufwnfwkef;rSmjzpfap aqmufwnfNyD;aemufrSjzpfap odu©myk'f aqmufwnf 

xm;onfhtwGuf vGefusL;zdkYtaMumif;ay:onfhtcg rvGefusL;bJ a½SmifMuOfjcif;onf orm'ge0d&wd 
rnf\/ a½S;u Oygoum wa,mufonf oDvaqmufwnfNyD;í v,fxGefNyD;aemuf aysmufaomEGm;udk
½SmpOf Owå&0¹rme awmifay:0,f pyg;BuD;arGu &pfywfavaomf vufüygaom yJcGyfjzifh ckwfowf&ef 
BuHNyD;rS aqmufwnfcJhaom oDvudk owd&í yJcGyfudk vTifhypfcJhavonf/ oDv\ wefcdk;aMumifh 
a>ruvnf; vTwfoGm;avonf/ þ0w¬Kü oDvaqmufwnfonfu pí awmifay:a&mufonfhwdkif 
atmif 0d&wdrjzpfao;/ a>rudkrowfbJ a½SmufMuOfvdkufrS 0d&wdjzpfonf/ þ0w¬KoGm;udk axmuf 
vQif orm'ge0d&wdvnf; ypöKyÜefudkom tm½kHjyK\/ wcsKdUq&mwdkYu  odu©myk'faqmufwnfcdkufrSm 
a½SmifMuOfp&m r½Sdao;? aemiftcg vGefusL;rnfhudpöudk tm½kHjyKí aqmufwnfojzifh tem*wfudk 
tm½kHjyK\ [k ,lMuonf/ 

þae&mü rSwfp&m/ owfzdkYEGm;BuD;udk teD;üxm;NyD;rS  pdwfaumif;&ojzifh   rowfawmhygbl;[k 
           a½Smifum ]]ygPmwdygwm a0&rPdodu©my'H orm'd,mrd}}[k aqmufwnf&mtcgü
orm'ge0d&wdjzpfonf/ vGefusL;zG,f  tm½kHr½SdbJ ,ckumv Oykofapmifh&mü aqmufwnfyHkrsKd;um; 
orm'geapwemoDvomjzpfí 0d&wdoDvrjzpfEdkifao;/ þodkYvQif orm'ge 0d&wdvnf; 
aqmufwnfcdkufrSmjzpfap aqmufwnfNyD;aemufrSjzpfap ypöKyÜefusK;vGefzG,fudkom tm½kHjyKEdkifonf[k
rSwfyg/
 

0d&wdw&m;wdkYonf 0DwduúrdwAÁjzpfaom ypöKyÜeftm½kHwckckudk tm½kHjyKí 0d&rdwAÁjzpfaom 

'kp½kdufrS a½SmifMuOfonf/
 

0DwduúrdwAÁ = olYtouf olYOpömpaom usL;vGefxdkufaom tm½kHrsm;

 

0Dwduúr =  usL;vGefaMumif;jzpfaom um,'kp½kduf 0pD'kp½kduf

 

0d&rdwAÁ = a½SmifMuOfxdkufaom xdk'kp½kdufrsm;

 
 

0d&wdwdkYonf A[d'¨udkom tm½kHjyKí udk,fhudk,fudk owfrnf[k BuHpnfNyD;rS a½SmifMuOf&mü 

vnf; 0d&wdrjzpfyg? raumif;rI 'kp½kduf\ uif;Nidrf;jcif;omjzpfonf[k rSwfyg/